Louis XIII - 1610-1640
Louis XIII furniture featured massive, solid construction with geometric carving. Furniture design was more opulent with cherubs, scrolls, twists, fruit and flowers as recurring decorative themes.
The emerging middle class of this time fueled the demand for furniture. The French country look was developed for the provincial bourgeois desiring nice furniture yet living far from Paris where the best pieces could be found. Rustic pieces were similar to the styles found in the city but were made with a calm, agrarian life in mind.
For the first time, people expected furniture to be comfortable as well as beautiful, and fixed upholstery was one of the great inventions of this period. The seats and backs of chairs were padded and leather, tapestry or needlepoint was secured to the chair's wooden frame.